We can work on How the Axial Age was a period of great thought

  1. Consider how the Axial Age was a period of great thought, philosophy and change across the societies we’ve looked at. Many people think that we are living in times of great change now. Do you think our current age (last 150 years or so) is experiencing another type of Axial age? Make an argument discussing the ways and depths of change in current society (this is open to whatever you want to and can discuss) and compare that to the kind of change during the Axial Age for the societies we studied.
  2. Reflect on the epics that we have looked at in this class and how those narratives reflect a culture’s values, beliefs, and understanding of the world. Choose a passage from one of the epics we’ve learned about and discuss what beliefs and worldviews this might be demonstrating. Is the idea you’ve identified something current (and to narrow this question, let’s say American) societies adhere to still or is this something that may have been more reflective of that society and time?

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expansion, Vittola communicates the degree of military strategies utilized, yet never arrives at a resolution regardless of whether it’s legal to continue these activities, as he continually tracked down a center ground, where it very well may be legitimate to do things like this yet never consistently (Begby et al (2006b), Page 326-31). This is upheld by Frowe, who estimates the authentic strategies as indicated by proportionality and military need. It relies upon the size of how much harm done to each other, to pass judgment on the activities after a conflict. For instance, one can’t just nuke the fear based oppressor bunches all through the center east, since it isn’t just relative, it will harm the entire populace, a potentially negative side-effect. All the more significantly, the warriors should have the right expectation in the thing they will accomplish, forfeiting the expenses for their activities. For instance: if fighters have any desire to execute all detainees of war, they should do it for the right expectation and for a worthwhile motivation, relative to the damage done to them. This is upheld by Vittola: ‘not generally legal to execute all soldiers… we should consider… size of the injury caused by the foe.’ This is additionally upheld by Frowe approach, which is significantly more upright than Vittola’s view yet suggests similar plans: ‘can’t be rebuffed basically for battling.’ This implies one can’t just rebuff another in light of the fact that they have been a warrior. They should be treated as others consciously as could be expected. Be that as it may, the circumstance is heightened on the off chance that killing them can prompt harmony and security, inside the interests, everything being equal. Generally, jus in bello recommends in wars, mischief must be utilized against soldiers, never against the honest. Be that as it may, eventually, the point is to lay out harmony and security inside the federation. As Vittola’s decision: ‘the quest for equity for which he battles and the guard of his country’ is the thing countries ought to be battling for in wars (Begby et al (2006b), Page 332). Accordingly, albeit the present world has created, we can see not very different from the innovator accounts on fighting and the traditionists, giving one more segment of the hypothesis of the simply war. By and by, we can in any case presume that there can’t be one authoritative hypothesis of the simply war hypothesis in view of its normativity. Jus post bellum At last, jus post bellum recommends that the moves we ought to make after a conflict (Frowe (2010), Page 208). Vittola, right off the bat, contends after a conflict, it is the obligation of the pioneer to judge how to manage the foe (Begby et al (2006b), Page 332).. Once more, proportionality is underlined. For instance, the Versailles settlement forced after WWI is tentatively excessively brutal, as it was not all Germany’s problem for the conflict. This is upheld by Frowe, who communicates two perspectives in jus post bellum: Moderation and Maximalism, which are very varying perspectives. Minimalists recommend a more permissive methodology while maximalist, supporting the above model, gives a crueler methodology, rebuffing the foe both financially and strategically (Frowe (2010), Page 208). At the last case, be that as it may, the point of war is to lay out harmony security, so whatever should be done can be ethically legitimate, assuming it observes the guidelines of jus promotion bellum. All in all, simply war hypothesis is entirely contestable and can contend in various ways. Nonetheless, the foundation of a fair harmony is essential, making all war type circumstance to have various approaches to drawing closer (Frowe (2010), Page 227). In any case, the simply war hypothesis contains jus promotion bellum, jus in bello and jus post bellum, and it very well may be either ethically disputable or legitimate contingent upon the proportionality of the situation. In this manner, there can’t be one conclusive hypothesis of the simply war yet just a theore>

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