We can work on Bedford’s Law

The text discusses how Benford’s Law Testing can test for fraud and anomalies. Review the documents below then import each company’s data into the Benford’s Law Excel spreadsheet for review separately. Cut and paste the Data Sets into the Benford’s Law Excel spreadsheet to investigate for fraud. Declare if potential fraud exists for Company A and Company B, submit the excel files, and findings can be summarized in dropbox text section.

Use Benford’s Law with Excell to improve Business Planning

Import Benford’s Law Tests. You must Enable the Macro!! Enter the charts from the data sets or copy and paste the data into the Worksheet.
Data sets:
Company A Invoices
Company B Invoices

Included below is an Excel spreadsheet using Benford’s law. The text discusses the value of using this technique to identify fraud. Review the Excel document and the analytical graphs. Then use the attached Excel spreadsheets, by cutting and pasting them into the Benford’s Law Excel spreadsheet to determine if potential fraud exists in either. Submit via Dropbox and declare if potential fraud exists.
Benford’s Law
Company A
Company B

Sample Solution

includes three stages: nucleation, growth and aggregation. The separation between the nucleation and the growth stages is the key factor for formation of uniform particles. Ideally, operating conditions should allow a high nucleation rate strongly dependent on super saturation and low growth rate. Nanoprecipitation method has some advantages over other method used for preparation of nanoparticles, which include that: (1) Major advantage of this method is the use of the solvents (Acetone/Ethanol) which are considered to be less toxic than water- immiscible solvents like dichloromethane and chloroform, (2) in this method, nanoparticles are formed spontaneously with high shear , (3) Further purification is not required because of the surfactant and solvent and (4) it is a simple, fast and reproducible method which is commonly used for the preparation of both nanocapsules and nanospheres. The solvent displacement technique can be used to formulate nanocapsules by incorporating a small amount of nontoxic oil in the organic phase. Considering the oil-based central cavities of the nanocapsules, high loading efficiencies are usually obtained for lipophilic drugs when nanocapsules are prepared. The major drawbacks of this preparation method include that: (1) the use of this simple method [176] is restricted to water-miscible solvents, in which the diffusion rate is sufficient to produce spontaneous emulsification. In some cases, spontaneous emulsification is not observed when the coalescence rate of the formed droplets is sufficiently high and this usually occurs with some water-miscible solvents that produce a certain instability when mixed with water [177] and (2) the nanoprecipitation technique possesses poor encapsulation efficacy in the case of hydrophilic drugs, because the drug can diffuse to the aqueous outer phase during polymer precipitation [151]. The encapsulation efficiency has been increased through modifying the drug solubility by changes in pH [178-180].So that, this technique is mostly appropriate for lipophilic drugs due to the miscibility of the organic solvent with the aqueous phase. Although, a surfactant is not necessary to ensure the formation of PNP by nanoprecipitation method, the particle size is affected by the surfactant nature and concentration [160, 164]. Furthermore, the addition of surfactants helps to maintain the stability of nanoparticle suspensions and prevents ag>

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