We can work on Systematic Literature Review and Appraisal

This assignment relates to the Unit Learning Objectives of:

  1. Interpret, assess and appraise scientific evidence and health related reports that underpin health science practice and research
  2. Distinguish and explain different research paradigms and research designs and/or methodologies used in health science
  3. Select and apply appropriate analysis methods for the various types of data collected in health science.

You will write a systematic literature review and undertake a quality appraisal that assesses the following:

Topic: In your tutorial group, you will choose one topic area that is of interest to you. In the tutorial in week one, you will sign up to a topic and/or a group. If you are not assigned to a group, you will be assigned to one in the topic of your choice.

The topics will be:
• Childhood Diabetes
• Depression in Adolescence,
• Health and people living with Intellectual Disability
• Osteoarthritis.

Working in groups of 4 people, you will work through the associated systematic review template (see canvas). In weeks 1-3 in the lectures, you will learn the information that you need to know to undertake the review. Working in groups, you will identify the research question, and design the data collection methods, search strategy, which database you will undertake. You will then undertake the review using PRISMA guidelines.

The final report will be the completed systematic review template and will be marked according to the rubric. Included in the report will be:

• Title page (see above)
• Table of contents (completed)
• Abstract
• Definitions
• Background – what is the background to the topic (appropriately cited references)
• Objectives o Focused research question (designed in SPINE or PICO format – discussed in week 2) o Primary and secondary objectives
• Criteria for studies to be included in the review o Inclusion and exclusion criteria o What types of study will you include o What are your outcomes or context of interest o What type of publications will you be looking at
• Search Strategy o Use at least 4 databases – tell us why you have chosen those ones o Put the keywords that you search

• Search results o Place in the table f
• Search Yield o Design a diagram similar to the one in the document with your information there
• Completed PRISMA flow diagram
• Methods of the review o What forms did you use to extract the data
o What data table did you use
o Why
Note – it is not necessary to undertake a meta analysis
• Discussion o Summarise the findings and why you think this using the evidence from the critical appraisal.

Reference list

You will need to reference using APA 6th citation and reference style. References may be used to define concepts (ideas), show the sources of data, and provide evidence to back up claims.

Sources may include:

  1. Data from Australian Bureau of Statistics or Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2. Peer-reviewed journal articles
  2. Text books
  3. Government websites
  4. Association websites e.g. Alzheimer’s Australia etc.

References must be from reputable sources, and correctly cited. This demonstrates that you can (a) find academic literature (b) synthesize the ideas that you discover from the literature and (c) use that literature to support your discussion.

Sample Solution

Nature isn’t what it used to be. Or if nothing else that is the thing that we may think, when we take a gander at the manner in which people and their advancements have treated nature. When we discuss “nature”, in any case, we are basically discussing our association with nature, never nature itself. What we allude to as “nature” or “characteristic” has consistently been as much about what we see, all things considered about what we believe is “out there”. What’s more, attempting to bring nature into view is similarly undecided. Pictures of nature can’t be fully trusted either. It isn’t the direct instance of “what we see, is the thing that we get”. What is in question are our social view of nature. In survey “nature” we can just discuss what we call “nature”.(Michiel Schwarz,2005) To the extraordinary, to separate what is nature and what isn’t is constantly merely conflict. Obviously, nature will consistently be something that can be taken a gander at, truly. The connection among nature and culture can grab the eye of human where the assessments and necessity of human towards nature are being changed and misshaped. Considering discretionary planning technique is accessible in engineering; individuals really assume a detached job in their own space. Right off the bat, we should decline the subjective granting of removed greenery in structure, at that point recover and give back the first attributes to nature by making a pathway in the middle of inside (compositional) and outside (ecological) for people to assume an activity job in moving toward nature. These days, individuals are bound to remain in the compositional inside space than in the nature. Therefore, modelers and fashioners essentially apply the greenery into the space and make supposed green design. Be that as it may, that is really a sort of counterfeit plan, and it will delude the human to the impression of nature. ‘Nature doesn’t have a structure issue. Individuals do. Rather than utilizing nature as a Mere instrument for human purposes; we can endeavor to progress toward becoming devices of nature that serve its motivation as well. What might it intend to turn out to be, indeed, local to this spot, the Earth – the home of every one of our relations? (William McDonough and Michael Braungart, Cradle-to-Cradle) It’s a test for originator to structure an environment for individuals and make a rich correspondence with encompassing regular sources inside the living space. Individuals should assess what nature really is, so as to have a typical view on that, it will in general give an equity to space as opposed to receiving the thoughts of subjective structure by giving removed greenery into inside space. If not, ‘nature’ will simply turn into an item as a feature of human structure in this time of hereditary designing, fake shorelines, virtual condition or removed greenery for enrichment purposes. Lamentably, individuals will before long disregard the soul and the estimation of the genuine nature and involved by all the phony surface of nature. Body In some cases, individuals will free the possibility of the first and change as indicated by human recognition. It might be difficult to draw a line between these two limits. It is fascinating to join these two things together and have a talk over it. Nature’s open-finished fulfillment by design and the scene’s crucial receptiveness to compositional changing demonstrates unfurling of nature into culture through scene, engineering and innovation is the move from ‘first’ to ‘second’ nature. It might be viewed as out of line to the human and nature itself when everybody gives the counterfeit greenery in the space and that is alleged economical green structure. (Fig.1,2) Those little nations with restricted space like Japan, designers attempt to augment the inside living space and making inside nursery inside the house. Individuals will in general remain in the space and only from time to time way to deal with the outside world. An elective methodology is to separate among regular and fake procedures. A few procedures can happen because of human activity; however not others. For instance, water streaming is a characteristic procedure; washing is a fake one. In this view, social procedures are the unmistakable consequence of intentional human activity; creation and control of the human will bring about the way of life. Some inquiry might be fly out: Will there be any requirements for practical structures or spaces that meant to be accomplishment as an enriching nature objects? The sentiment of the clients will be affected by the worry for the nature and fake green article straightforwardly. Be that as it may, does such a tasteful reaction demonstrate to us the duty of the originators or do equity to either magnificence or structure? A wonderful world is the thing that an individual seeks after in their psyche. In this way, it urged us to structure for the residences and instruments are appeared as old as humankind. The issue is that the genuine style of nature are being overlooked by individual and just remain inside the spaces and play with the evacuated greenery. This turns into a necessity of individuals rather than the first importance of the nature and the association among human and condition itself. The more profound side of magnificence is the learning of living truth as a progressing procedure of creation that is difficult to get it. This is the magnificence of inward reason that rises incredibly on the grounds that we attempt to find those new things. The impression of an old nature is simply getting increasingly more fundamentally supports. Another inquiry for this: Whether inverse equivalent to conceivable or inconceivable? The hopeful masterminds will likely accept that the power over the nature will proceed until we get utilized with that and can’t forgo it off. Despite what might be expected, we can have our very own overwhelming nature and the manner in which individuals giving nature in the spaces is a fantasy. Nature will continue changing with the stride of human oversees nature. The limits among nature and culture will never show signs of change. Because of the science and innovation, which obscured the line among nature and culture and forsake the genuine nature and separate them with the individual. The characteristic setting in our reality cause the space to end up convincing, it is on the grounds that that it gives such a rich wellspring of these properties, and the site explicit engineering configuration exploits from every one of the part. Inside materials, hues, examples, surfaces, and work of art will draw the characteristics and highlights of the engineering and scene inside improving a consistent inside/outside tactile experience. In any case, it isn’t instructing us to utilize similar materials, yet rather materials that comprise of the characteristics and highlights most got from the design and the scene. By incorporating the regular components of the site into the type of the engineering itself, individual will get the opportunity of encountering the special connections among inside and outside from numerous points of view as we move from space to space inside the space. Besides, the limits of indoor rooms and open air spaces among visual and physical can be dissolving into a mosaic of inside-outside spaces. By utilizing the dividers and wings of the space to characterize “open air rooms,” the experience of living is reached out into a shielded indigenous habitat. For this, both far off perspectives and perspectives on close ordinarily are basic. Removed perspectives interface us with the idea of the site, while close commonly connects us to the perplexity and prompt tactile joys of the plan rather than move the nature into the space to approach the person. ‘We have no longer an outside and an inside as two separate things. Presently the outside may come inside and within may and goes outside. They are of one another. Structure and capacity in this way turned out to be one in plan and execution if the idea of material and technique and reason for existing are all as one.’ (Wright 1954 p.50) Incidentally, world and nature can be seeing as in a similar level; there is no still structure. Each structure in getting to be alive should move Man. Nature is the main hotspot for design to continue moving. Living engineering is utilized to upgrade the soul of person and change the design into a ‘living being’. There are numerous methods for giving nature to engineering, it is important to separate between two approaches: one which uses nature as a making component and one favors leaving nature however much as could reasonably be expected immaculate or as component of love. This first bring about obliviousness and cut down the attributes of nature; the subsequent methodology will impact straightforwardly to the partition among the assembled and unbuilt condition, or to invigorate human inclination and thinking by the natural engineering. When we talk about giving greenery into space and plan, we will connect to Biophilic structure, which instituted in 1984 by a Harvard researcher, Edward O. Wilson, to expound what he thought the characteristic human appreciation for nature: Consolidates genuine or mimicked regular components with an end goal to advance prosperity. It is a peculiar, lesser-known cousin of green structure, and is concerned more with “addressing our feelings, our antiquated hereditary inclinations, most likely principal, for communication with a characteristic world.” Unlike green plan, it is more spotlight on vitality and ensures regular assets, yet not centers around economical structure rehearses. In another hand, Biophilic configuration is progressively worried about appearances and natures loosening up impact. (Edward O. Wilson, 1984) Biophilic design is a piece of another idea in engineering, that work seriously with human wellbeing, biology and maintainability statutes, for example, indispensable piece of structural arrangement which must be in ideal extent with different structures material. In any case, the understanding and last usage of Biophilic configuration must have a local measurement as to condition and culture. In precise, there are twelve qualities recognized, including shading, water, air, daylight, plants, creatures, common materials, perspectives and vistas, façade greening, scene, living spaces and fire. Human structure has made>

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