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Choose ONE of the following ethical theories and briefly discuss how it would look at the morality of euthanasia. Would it support or prohibit euthanasia? And explain why. You do NOT need to find a case on euthanasia to justify the position of the theory you selected, just explain why it supports or prohibits euthanasia.
Natural Law
Natural Rights

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Sample Answer

I can discuss how the ethical theory of Natural Law would look at the morality of euthanasia.

Natural Law is a philosophical theory that argues that there are certain moral principles that are inherent in the nature of things. These principles are not created by humans, but are discovered by reason.

One of the most important principles of Natural Law is the principle of human dignity. This principle holds that all human beings have inherent worth and value, simply by virtue of being human. This means that human beings should not be treated as mere objects or means to an end.

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Euthanasia is the act of intentionally ending the life of a person who is terminally ill or who is in a state of extreme suffering. Some people argue that euthanasia is morally permissible because it allows people to die with dignity and to avoid unnecessary suffering. Others argue that euthanasia is morally wrong because it violates the principle of human dignity.

The Natural Law perspective would likely prohibit euthanasia. This is because euthanasia would involve intentionally taking the life of a person, which would violate the principle of human dignity. Additionally, Natural Law theorists would argue that euthanasia would be a form of suicide, which is also considered to be morally wrong.

However, there are some Natural Law theorists who argue that euthanasia may be permissible in certain cases. For example, they may argue that euthanasia may be permissible if the person who is requesting euthanasia is in a state of extreme suffering and there is no hope of recovery.

Ultimately, the permissibility of euthanasia under Natural Law is a complex issue that depends on a number of factors. However, the principle of human dignity would likely play a central role in any Natural Law analysis of euthanasia.

Here are some other ethical theories and how they would look at the morality of euthanasia:

  • Natural Rights would likely prohibit euthanasia because it would violate the right to life.
  • Kantianism would likely prohibit euthanasia because it would involve treating a person as a mere means to an end.
  • Utilitarianism would likely allow euthanasia if it would produce more good than harm.

It is important to note that these are just some of the ethical theories that could be applied to the issue of euthanasia. There are many other ethical theories, and each theory would likely have a different perspective on the issue.

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