We can work on Dealing with Dilemas

There is no shortage of difficult dilemmas facing organizations today. These dilemmas may relate to issues such as environmental concerns, government regulations, diversity in the workplace, employee safety, and labor practices. At any given moment, a leader may be confronted with a multitude of dilemmas. When a person faces a dilemma they process the facts through a set of beliefs. Their decisions are based on their beliefs. Here is an example: Some people are terrified of snakes. Those who fear snakes immediately want to take action when they see one – kill it or run away. In reality, most snakes are more afraid of you than you them. There are far more non-venomous snakes than venomous. But often when we see a snake, our belief is that snakes are bad, and our action is to run or fight. Leaders face those same kinds of issue. Leaders are experience. They have formed opinions or beliefs about their past experiences. Their actions reflect the beliefs formed by what they have experienced. Discussion Prompt
In this scenario, you are the manager of a laboratory in a small town. The decision to close this laboratory has been made, but not communicated to anyone, and the lab is going to relocate to the corporate office several states away. The employees will be laid off. The company is waiting to see the latest financial results before making an announcement to the employees or the public.
One night you are bowling with some of your employees. One of them tells you that he is going to buy a house that he and his wife have seen. With the overtime that he has been earning they can afford to make the purchase. You are relatively certain that his job will be eliminated in the next six to eight weeks. Do you tell him about the laboratory’s relocation that night, or do you keep silent due to your obligation as a manager of the company? Justify your decision in a fully-developed explanation that relates to ethics. Tasks

  1. Describe a decision about divulging confidential information about a company’s future. 2. Justify the decision to divulge, or not divulge, confidential information about a company’s future. Relate the justification to ethics.

Sample Solution

construct. But in their Social Constructivism , their views on social existence reduces to conversation or people. They have given example that one thing can be dependent on multiple factors i.e. Does the food depend just on cook? No. It depends on various factors like utensils, ingredients, resources that he/she is given by the authorities, to which Bhaskar added that the cook must have made more tastier food if there would have been more budget. Here, Bhaskar wanted to prove a point that we are constrained by various factor and we can do better without constraints. Bhaskar then dialect Rom and Charles idea of reinventing society. He criticized that “why Rom and Charles do not reinvent a better kind of society if it’s so easy?” He then further explained with an example of Oxford College, that how fellows can decide how much wine they can drink and how much to store for the next year. By this he means how fellows can change rules time to time. But then an Oxford college is subject to government finance, if privately endowed, to stock market fluctuations. By this example Bhaskar describes how things can be controlled using constraints and how things would act as a very powerful constraint. Bhaskar further explains social structure and causal powers. He explains how agent, factor or vehicle, anything that influences the course of events in some way, is the criteria for causality. He added the people are very special but what people can do in a particular social context must be examined scientifically. He says we should accept the constraining structures if we want human freedom and we should not deny it. To this, Bhaskar dialect Rom’s statement that ‘social structures cannot be reproduced except by human activity’. He further asserted what Rom has said is a fundamental principal and is common to both his(Bhaskar’s) transformational model of social activity and Gidden’s theory of structuration. But there is an important difference between the two models in morality of which cannot be equated, which Maggie Archer in particular has pointed out. Bhaskar, regarding his transformational model asserts how we, humans are shackled of doing anything new and are beset by the preexisting structures, that restrain us. He asserted that fundamental Aristotelian model of society is correct. Efficient causality presupposes material causality; it presupposes a pre-existing material cause. And how we are heavily burdened by cruel presence of the past in this social world. He then talks about the one which validates Rom and Charles’s model, is, the birth of a baby, coming out of the womb, but that too, pre-existing life in the womb and out of the womb as well, pre-exiting thing are ready, fixed, pre-given. Bhaskar’s statement that at any moment of time we are heavily constrained by preexisting structures is a right theory From Bhaskar’s point of view, Charles account of relationship between people and organism lacks the concept of emergence. He stated, people are organism, but there is one thing that differentiate people from being an organism only, emergent powers. In Bhaskar’s word ‘People are organism, but the>

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