Expressed and Implied Arguments in the Media and Definition Essay Essay Dissertation Research Help

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In the argument chapter, you learned about expressed arguments (overt arguments attempting to persuade the audience towards a point of view) and implied arguments (arguments that appear on the surface not to be arguments but actually seek to persuade the audience of a point of view or views). For this DQ, provide a specific example from the media of an expressed argument and an implied argument and answer the following questions:

What is the expressed argument you identified? What specific argument does the author make? What evidence does the author use to support his or her claims?
What is the implied argument you identified? What specific argument does the author make? What evidence does the author use to support his or her claims?
Why is it important to understand expressed and implied arguments?
How might you use your understanding of expressed and implied arguments when drafting your first essay in this course?

Answer

What is the expressed argument you identified?

In The Guardian News newspaper, the author writes that the Senator promises his county people saying that “I will mend potholes on all-weather roads and ensure that all households access fresh water” (Leader, 2018). He adds that “however, whether or not this will happen depends upon the amount of money allocated to us by the Federal government.” In this statement, the senator clearly says what he will do for his people within a given time stating the source of money and the possibility of failing to deliver the promise is the Federal government fails him.

What specific argument does the author make?

The author reports that the presence of such kinds of leaders in the society has a long history of salvaging the economic condition and improving the living standards of the otherwise neglected people (Purvis, 2015). He adds that more often than not, the presence of corrupt people in the procurement departments impedes the process of service delivery to innocent people.

What evidence does the author use to support his or her claims?

The author cites the failure of the government to build first-class hospitals in the county as an example of the effects of corruption that has failed the government delivering its pledges to people (Hampton, 2017). He suggests that the government is, however, committed to seeing to it that all the directors who will be found culpable of siphoning money that the government allocates to counties will face the full force of the law.

What is the implied argument you identified?

The author states that the senator said, “I will mend all the potholes on all-weather roads and ensure that all households access fresh water.” However, the author adds that “the same politician also promised two years ago that he will pay school fees for all the needy students in the county once he resumes office” (Arnold, 2013).

What specific argument does the author make?

The author points out that two years ago, the politician made similar promises to people, in that case, assuring them that the burden of schooling should be one of the core elements of the government’s responsibility. Additionally, he said that his responsibility as the ambassador of the less privileged will be to neutralize the ‘playing’ and facilitate equitable distribution of resources and services to all (Leader, 2018).

What evidence does the author use to support his or her claims?

The author cites more examples of failed pledges that politicians make to innocent people who literally believe an eagerly wait to see them come through (Hampton, 2017). For instance, he cites the escalated costs of maternal care and early childhood education as examples of what people should actually expect instead of relying on stint political remarks which are actually made to enhance their PR.

Why is it important to understand expressed and implied arguments?

It is important to understand both the implied and the expressed arguments because the implied argument enables one to derive the author’s hidden meaning which is usually stated in a few words to avoid getting themselves into loggerheads with the person they talk about (Arnold, 2013). On the other, understanding ones expressed argument helps to understand their motives and points of view.

How might you use your understanding of expressed and implied arguments when drafting your first essay in this course?

I might use my understanding of expressed arguments to avoid creating an impression that my motives are ill-driven (Purvis, 2015). Additionally, I might use it whenever the need is, to clearly orchestrate my opinions on matters arising to avoid contradicting my points and making ambiguous statements. On the other hand, I might use implied arguments to cut long stories short and hide my feelings from the statements I make.

References    

Arnold, Bruce. (2013). To the waters and wind. Irish Independent. Dublin: Independent News and Media. Retrieved 28th July 2013.

Hampton, Mark. (2017). The Press, Patriotism, and Public Discussion: The Manchester Guardian and the Boer War. The historical journal. 44(1): 177-197

Leader. (2018). Time for change? The Press and the People. London: Manchester Guardian. General Council of the Press. 2018, p.14

Purvis, June. (2015). Unladylike behavior. The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 4th June 2018

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