Question 1.Which of the following is not classified as an anxiety disorder?
- Specific Phobia
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Question 2.Gordon was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol. His blood alcohol concentration was 0.12. Concentrations below _____ percent usually produce feelings of relaxation, with minimal cognitive or motor effects; however, for Gordon he was well over this amount.
Question 3.Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
- is a place where alcoholics can drink in anonymity.
- is only attended by chronic alcoholics.
- is a support group led by a member for alcoholics and those who think they have a problem with alcohol.
- is a form of group psychotherapy.
Question 4.What percentage of individuals with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is estimated to be in treatment?
Question 5.Recent data by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reveal that over_______ million Americans reported some amount of alcohol use.
Question 6.Encopresis is
- poor control of bowels.
- poor control of urination.
- marked by strange and inappropriate utterances.
- marked by delusions and hallucinations.
Question 7.________ was an early reformer in the proper treatment of individuals with mental illness. He advocated for treating the mentally ill with sympathy, compassion, and empathy.
Question 8.Many people who have an autism spectrum disorder
- have an intellectual disability.
- also have schizophrenia.
- are female.
- had its onset after age 30.
Question 9.What is the standard diagnostic manual used by many mental health professionals and insurance companies?
- Rorschach Comprehensive System
Question 10.Which of the following is NOT true when exploring what’s considered “abnormal behavior?”
- behavior is abnormal according to the standards set by society
- behavior is abnormal because it interferes with the individual’s ability to function on a daily basis
- behavior is abnormal according to the statistics
- behavior is abnormal when it is a severe change in one’s mood
Question 11.According to Szasz, what four qualities are necessary in order for a mental illness to be considered equivalent to a physical illness?
- Intensity, duration, remission, potential relapse.
- Going to the doctor, getting a prescription, taking a pill, calling the doctor in the morning.
- Recognition, treatment, waiting to see if symptoms resurface, additional treatment if necessary.
- Catching the illness, having the illness, potentially transmitting the illness, and getting rid of the illness.
Question 12.According to Freud, repression is seen as an unconscious defense mechanism of the ego that keeps certain ideas separate from the one’s consciousness. When one is unable to appropriately express feelings, the feelings can turn inward and lead to what?
Question 13.Of the following, what is the best conceptualization of “personality disorder”?
- A personality trait
- An enduring maladaptive personality pattern
- A temporary personality pattern that causes distress
Question 14.Some researchers have suggested that exposure to certain kinds of media influences can contribute to the behaviors that denote antisocial personality disorder. Which of the following is not one of those types of media influences?
- reality TV shows
- computer games
- violent movies
- rap songs
Question 15.Faulty thinking processes are considered to be responsible in mental illnesses according to __________________? Factors within the environment are considered to be reinforcing behaviors according to ___________________?
- Behaviorist; Ellis
- Freud; Behaviorist
- Cognitive Behaviorist; Behaviorists
- Ellis; Humanism
Question 16.Sex involving real or imagined humiliation and suffering is known as ________________ disorder.
- sexual masochism
Question 17.Which neurotransmitter helps to regulate eating, aggression, and sexual behaviors, and may (in lower levels) be linked to binge eating of carbohydrates?
- gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
Question 18.Rob has always been a lady’s man so he is quite distressed that at age 55 he is having difficulty attaining and maintaining an erection. Rob may be suffering from ____________________ disorder.
- male hypoactive sexual desire
- sexual aversion
Question 19.When considering major depressive disorders, this is the term used to describe the inability to experience pleasure is which of the following.
- Cyclothymic Disorder
Question 20.According to our text, is considered to be a possible explanation of the gender differences often found between the diagnosis of men and women in terms of depression?
- the idea that men just don’t get depressed
- the idea that men are more likely to be diagnosed with substance abuse
- the fact that clinicians’ are not good at identifying depression
- the fact that women have more to be sad about
Question 21.Pseudomedical complaints in otherwise healthy people can be an indication of _____________.
- body dysmorphic disorder
- conversion disorder
Question 22.One side effect of some phenothiazines is
- excessive hair loss.
- tardive dyskinesia.
- “the munchies.”
Question 23.When a person has hallucinations and delusions and loses contact with reality, that person most likely has
- dissociative fugue
- body dysmorphic disorder
- dissociative identity disorder
Question 24.When a person not only develops retrograde amnesia but also leaves home and adopts a new identity, the appropriate diagnosis is
- dissociative fugue.
- body dysmorphic disorder.
- conversion disorder.
- dissociative identity disorder.
Question 25.From how many distinct personality states must a person exhibit in order to be diagnosed with DID?
Question 26.Which potential symptom of Schizophrenia is described as the belief that an individual has some extraordinary talent or power?
- Persecutory Delusions
- Delusions of Influence
- Grandiose delusions
Question 27.Culture-bound syndromes
- are mental conditions whose manifestations are closely related to cultural factors.
- warrant understanding and management from a cultural perspective.
- all of the above
- none of the above
Question 28.In this imaging technique, powerful magnetic fields are used to attract the protons found in the nuclei of the body’s hydrogen atoms.
- CT scan
- SPECT scan
- PET scan
Question 29.These two conditions may co-occur among older people and those with Down Syndrome.
- depression and amnesia
- depression and Parkinson’s Disease
- depression and dementia
- depression and delirium
Question 30.In this imaging technique, blood flow is monitored while people perform cognitive tasks. The changes in blood flow indicate which parts of the brain are active.
- CT scan
- PET scan
- SPECT scan
Question 31.MDMA is also known as ______________.
Question 32.While this is a widely accepted stimulant and considered quite safe, the side effects on health include an increase in the production of stomach acid, insomnia, poor sleep, and anxiety.
Question 33.Which one of the following is NOT one of the psychoactive substances most commonly used by college students?
Question 34.Rather than a scientific exercise, the Generation Rx film proposes that psychiatric drugs are part of a ___________.
- Question 35.Which of these drugs have been shown to cure autism spectrum disorder with long-term use? Lexapro
- Vitamins and herbs
- None of the above
Question 36.Cognitive Behaviorism is a theory of Psychology that explores which of the following:
- that unconscious processes, motives, and urges are at the core of all of our behaviors and difficulties
- that only observable and scientifically measurable behaviors are worth studying and investigating
- alters distorted attitudes by identifying and replacing negative and inaccurate thoughts, which will therefore lead to behavioral changes
- the innate goodness of all people, and in the ability of all people to grow and to lead constructive lives through receiving unconditional positive regard
Question 37.Hippocrates believed that the body contained these four fluids or humors:
- brown bile, black bile, blood, and phlegm
- yellow bile, black bile, water, and phlegm
- yellow bile, red bile, blood, and phlegm
- yellow bile, black bile, blood, and phlegm
Question 38.A patient with ___________ has a tendency to see the world pessimistically.
- Irrational Schema
- Distorted Schema
- Maladaptive Schema
- Negative Schema
Question 39.Thomas decides that he needs help for his personality disorder, so he looks in the telephone book for a therapist who specializes in dialectical behavior therapy. For which of the following diagnoses is Thomas most likely seeking help?
- obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
- avoidant personality disorder
- antisocial personality disorder
- borderline personality disorder
Question 40.The DSM-5 is published by who?
- American Psychological Association
- American Psychoanalytic Association
- American Psychiatric Association
- American Pediatric Association
Question 41.With regard to Szasz’s arguments regarding mental versus physical symptoms, Ausubel asserts that these four considerations play a part in the evaluation of symptoms:
@Found on page 3 (71) of the Ausubel article. “… the evaluation of all symptoms, physical as well as mental, is dependent in large measure on subjective judgment, emotional factors, cultural-ethical norms, and personal involvement on the part of the observer.”
- Medical judgment, biological factors, community values, and family involvement.
- Subjective judgment, emotional factors, cultural-ethical norms, and personal involvement on the part of the observer.
- Subjective judgment, cognitive factors, legal norms, and observer objectivity.
- Objective judgment, behavioral milestones, cultural-ethical norms, and inter-rater reliability.
Question 42.Electroconvulsive therapy
- is typically used as a last resort when treating unipolar depression.
- is lethal in many instances, but this is counterbalanced by its efficacy.
- is not used anymore.
- works better on men than on women.
Question 43.The most effective way to treat bipolar disorder is
- with ECT.
- with lithium.
- with psychotherapy only.
- with bloodletting.
Question 44.One of the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa is a refusal to maintain a body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for one’s age and height. This is currently considered a failure to maintain at least ____% of “normal” body weight.
Question 45.__________ disorder is defined by sexual fulfillment and excitement gained by watching unsuspecting people disrobe or engage in sex.
- Sexual sadism
Question 46.Which of the following explanations for anorexia nervosa was first posed by researcher Hilda Bruch in the mid- to late-1900s?
- People with anorexia nervosa are overly involved in the lives of their family members, and this “enmeshment” leads to unhealthy eating behaviors.
- Sufferers of anorexia nervosa are overly obsessed with pleasing and being attractive to others, to the point of pathological eating practices.
- A lack of awareness of one’s own internal states, including emotions and hunger, leads to an overemphasis on external states (e.g., appearance) and this leads to eating disordered behavior.
- The lack of eating associated with anorexia nervosa is a way to gain control over one’s life and a way to develop a sense of independence.
Question 47.Self-induced vomiting and the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, and/or enemas would all be examples of __________ behaviors.
Question 48.Dalmane, Sonata, and Ambien are frequently used to treat insomnia disorder, and they belong to a class of medications called
Question 49.People with depersonalization disorder
- have memory loss and assume new identities.
- feel as if their body parts have changed in size.
- sometimes feel mechanical, as though they are robots.
- both b and c
Question 50.All of the below are considered causal factors for insomnia except?
- Substance use
- Changes in light, and noise
- Runs in Families
Question 51.Consider this scenario: The DSM is introduced to a remote indigenous culture in Australia. After a few months, researchers begin to notice that people in this culture are suddenly showing symptoms found only in the DSM. These symptoms were not present before the introduction of the DSM to the culture. The research of __________ supports this phenomenon.
Question 52.Which of the following is the most oft-reported neurological abnormality found in those suffering from schizophrenia?
- chronic atrophy in the substantia nigra
- redundant activity of the putamen
- hypoactive striate nuclei
- enlarged lateral ventricles
Question 53Major or mild neurocognitive disorder due to Huntington’s disease
- is a form of dementia.
- definitely does not run in families.
- is a form of delirium.
- is similar to Bipolar I.
Question 54.Which of the following Dementia deficits is characterized as a failure to recognize familiar objects despite normal vision, touch and hearing?
- Disturbance in Executive Functioning
Question 55.Factitious disorder is also known among psychologists as
- Munchausen syndrome
- Dissociative Identity Disorder
- Multiple Personality Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder
Question 56.This disease may be treated with Levodopa to enhance the production of dopamine thus providing relief from tremors, rigid muscles, and difficulty in body movements.
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Pick’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Huntington’s disease
Question 57.This disease is a form of chorea which refers to brain syndromes that include irregular, jerky movements and is the result of progressive degeneration of the basal ganglia.
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Pick’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Huntington’s disease
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